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Anglo Saxon King Lists


 
By Ben Levick
Webgraphics by Nicole Kipar

The following tables show the reigns (where known) of the kings of the seven main Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, and also the kings who ruled all of England before the Norman Conquest. There were many smaller kingdoms, but little is known of most of these beyond their names, and most were absorbed by the larger kingdoms as time went by. Also included are some of the more important kings of the Britons and the Vikings.


(Approximate territories during period) 

Map courtesy of Bill Bakken's Anglo Saxon England pages..


Kent

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Kent equates approximately with the modern county of Kent and the South-Eastern part of Greater London. It was under Mercian overlordship from about 784-793 and 796-825. From 825-860 it was under the overlordship of Wessex often with a member of the West Saxon line ruling it as a sub-king. From about 860 onwards it was fully absorbed into Wessex.

Hengist (c. 455-488)

Eardwulf (725-?)

Æsc (c. 488-512)

Eadbert (d. c. 762)

Octa (c. 512-540)

Æthelbert II (d. c. 762)

Eormenric (c. 540-565)

Sigered (c. 762-763)

Aethelberht I (565-616)

Eanmund (c. 763)

Eadbald (616-640)

Heahbert (c. 764-765)

Earconbert (640-664)

Egbert II (fl. c. 779)

Egbert I (664-673)

Ealhmund (fl. c. 784)

Hlothere (673-685)

Eadbert (c. 793-796)

Eadric (685-686)

Aethelwulf (825-839, 856-858)

Wihtred (690-725)

 


Sussex

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Sussex equates approximately with the modern counties of East and West Sussex, but excludiding the area around Hastings, which appears to have been a separate kingdom known as Hæstingas (although this may have been a sub-kingdom of Sussex, or even Kent). It was under Mercian overlordship from about 770-825. From 825-860 it was under the overlordship of Wessex. From about 860 onwards it was fully absorbed into Wessex.

Aelle (c. 477-491)

Æthelbert (fl. c. 750)

Æthelwold (fl. c. 660)

Osmund (fl. c. 760)

Æthelwalh (fl. c. 675)

Oswald (fl. c. 767)

Nothelm (aka Nunna) (d. c. 702)

Oslac (fl. c. 770)

Watt (c. 702 - ?)

Aldwulf (fl. c. 773)

Æthelstan (fl. c. 715)

 


Wessex

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Wessex had it's heartland in the area of the modern county of Hampshire, although by the time of Ine it covered all of the country south of the river Thames from the borders of Kent and Sussex to the Tamar River (by the 10th century even the Kingdom of Dumnonia, west of the Tamar, was under West Saxon rule). By the middle of the tenth century the kings of the royal house of Wessex became the rulers of the the whole of England.

Cerdic (c. 519-534)

Cuthred (740-756)

Cynric (c. 534-560)

Sigeberht (756-757)

Ceawlin (c. 560-593)

Cynewulf (757-786)

Ceol (c. 593-597)

Beorhtric (786-802)

Ceolwulf (c.597-611)

Egbert (802-839)

Cynegils (c. 611-642)

Aethelwulf (839-856)

Cenwealh (c. 642-672)

Æthelbald (856-860)

Queen Seaxburh (c. 672-673)

Æthelberht (860-866)

Æscwine (c. 673-676)

Æthelred I (866-871)

Centwine (676-685)

Aelfred ' the Great' (871-899)

Caedwalla (685-688)

Edward I 'the Elder' (899-924)

Ine (688-726)

Aethelstan (924-939)

Æthelheard (726-740)

Edmund I 'the Magnificent' (939-946)


Northumbria

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria was originally just a coastal strip on the North-east coast of Britain. Between the sixth and eighth centuries it expanded until it stretched from the east coast to the west coast, and from the River Humber to the Firth of Forth. Northumbria was made up of two seperate kingdoms, Deira in the south and Bernicia in the north. Sometimes these kingdoms were ruled by two separate kings, sometimes by one. This division also led to many civil wars in Northumbria. It suffered heavily in the Viking invasions, and the Kingdom of Deira formed the nucleus of Viking Northumbria.

Ida (c. 547-560)

Osric (719-729)

Ælle I (c. 560-588)

Ceolwulf (729-737)

Æthelric (c. 568-572)

Eadbert (737-758)

Theodric (c. 572-579)

Æthelwold Moll (758-765)

Frithuwald (c. 579-585)

Alchred (765-774)

Hussa (c. 585-593)

Æthelred I (774-779)

Æthelfrith (c. 593-616)

Ælfwald I (779-788)

Ælfric (c599-616)

Osred II (788-790)

Edwin (616-633)

Æthelred I (790-796)

Osric I (633)

Osbald (796-797)

Eanfrith (633-634)

Eardwulf (797-806)

Oswald (634-642)

Ælfwald II (806-808)

Oswiu (642-670)

Eanred (808-840)

Oswine (642-651)

Redwulf (843-844)

Æthelwald (650-671)

Æthelred II (844-849)

Ecgfrith (671-685)

Osbert (849-863)

Aldfrith (685-705)

Ælle II (863-867)

Eadwulf (705-706)

Egbert I (867-872)

Osred (706-717)

Ricsige (872-876)

Coenred (717-719)

Egbert II (876-878)


East Anglia

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of East Anglia equates with the modern counties of Suffolk ('the south folk') and Norfolk ('the north folk'). Very little is known about it's early history, although it's ruling family in the late sixth and early seventh century was known as the 'Wuffingas' and may well have been of Swedish rather than German or Danish descent like most of the other Anglo-Saxon royal lines. Despite this, most of it's population appears to have been Anglian in origin. The kingdom was taken over almost intact in the Viking invasions.

Wehha (fl. c. 575)

Hun (fl. c. 750)

Wuffa (fl. c. 590)

Beonna (fl. c. 754)

Tytila (fl. c. 605)

Alberht (fl. c. 757)

Rædwald (?615-625)

Æthelred (fl, c. 765-770)

Ragenhere (625-628)

Æthelberht (?-789)

Sigberht (628-632)

Æthelstan (fl. c. 820-825)

Anna (632-651)

Æthelweard (?-855)

Æthelhere (651-653)

Edmund (855-870)

Æthelwald (653-661)

?Oswald (870-875)

Aldwulf (661-?)

Guthrum (875-890)

Alfwold (?-748)

 


Mercia

The origins of Mercia are obscure, although it probably started out as a small kingdom roughly equating to modern Warwickshire sometime in the fifth century. By the beginning of the eighth century it had expanded considerably taking in the whole of the Midlands, from the Thames to the Humber. By the late eighth century the Mercian kings held power over almost all of the other kingdoms. During the Viking invasions the kingdom was split with the Anglo-Saxons retaining the western half and the Vikings contolling the eastern half (the Five Boroughs). From the late ninth century onwards western Mercia was under the overlordship of the West Saxon kings.

Icel (?-c. 584)

Ecgfrith (796-797)

Creoda (c. 584-592)

Cenwlf (797-821)

Pybba (c. 592-606)

Ceolwulf I (821-823)

Ceorl (c. 606-633)

Beornwulf (823-825)

Penda (633-655)

Ludeca (825-827)

Paeda (655-658)

Wiglaf (827-840)

Wulfhere (658-675)

Beorhtwulf (840-852)

Æthelred I (675-704)

Burgred (852-874)

Cenred (704-709)

Ceolwulf II (874-883)

Coelred (709-716)

Æthelred II (883-911)

Æthelbald (716-757)

Æthelflæd (911-918)

Offa 'the Great' (757-796)

 


Essex

The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Essex equates approximately with the modern county of Essex and the north-Eastern part of greater London. Very little is known about the kings of Essex apart from some of their names. It seems that by about 600AD the kingdom of Essex had absorbed the kingdom of the Middle Saxons (modern Middlesex). At several times in its history it appears to have been ruled by two kings at the same time, perhaps with one ruling Essex proper and the other ruling Middlesex. It was under Mercian overlordship from about 730 until the Viking invasions of the 9th century.

Sledda (fl. c. 580)

Offa (?-710)

Sæberht (?- c.616)

Sælred (710-?)

Sigbert I 'the small' (fl. c. 640)

Swebert (fl. c. 733)

Sigberht II (fl. 660)

Swithred (fl. c. 750)

Swidhelm (fl. c.675)

Sigeric (fl. c. 783)

Sighere & Sebbi (fl. c.680)

Sigered (fl. c. 800-805)

Sighard & Swefred (fl. c.685)

 


'Kings of All England'

Until 1014 these kings were all of the royal house of Wessex. However, from 1014-1042 a series of Viking kings ruled England. The rule reverted to the West Saxon royal line in 1042.

Eadred (946-955)

Edmund II 'Ironside' (1016)

Eadwig 'the All Fair' (955-959)

Cnut 'the Great' (1016-1035)

Edgar 'the Peacable' (959-975)

Harold I 'Harefoot' (1035-1040)

Edward II 'the Martyr' (975-978)

Harðacnut (1040-1042)

Æthelred II 'Unræd' (978-1016)

Edward III 'the Confessor' (1042-1066)

Swein 'Forkbeard' (1014)

Harold II 'Godwinsson' (1066)

 


Other Important Kings

Vortigern (fl. c. 425-450)

Ingeld (fl. c. 902-907)

Ambrosius Aurelianus (5th century?)

Erik Bloodaxe (d. 954)

Arthur (5th century?)

 



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